Patients who receive PEG feeding is going to have a PEG tube inserted directly into their stomach. The tube allows all food, fluids and medications to pass into the digestive tract. As a PEG tube goes directly into the stomach it can be used for men and women who have difficulty swallowing food or liquids. It can also be used if there’s a danger of’aspirating’ on foods. This is when foods’go the wrong way’ and can end up in the patient’s lungs causing problems. PEG feeding allows people to receive all of the crucial nutrients, maintain a healthy weight and improve overall wellbeing and quality of life. It can sometimes be used when people are unable to take in adequate nutrition themselves, e.g. if somebody has severe anorexia. Though PEG feeding was originally developed for children, it is now commonly used for both adults and children of all ages. Visit the following website, if you are hunting for additional information regarding venepuncture course.
The decision to insert a PEG tube will always be made on an individual basis following discussions with the patient and the multi-disciplinary team. When someone only needs temporary enteral tube feeding it is sometimes possible to pass a thin tube through the nose to the stomach. However, if the individual requires longer-term enteral feeding, PEG feeding may be considered. Generally speaking, PEG tubes are better tolerated than NG tubes. They have fewer interruptions and are easier to use and they also have fewer risk/complications compared to NG tubes. The PEG tube is frequently more comfortable and is relatively simple to take care of and handle at home. Lots of people choose a PEG tube since they are a discreet alternative, which can be easily concealed under clothes. On the day of the procedure, patients should not eat for six hours and will need to quit drinking clear fluids two hours before the procedure. In most hospitals, when the patient arrives on the ward a cannula or small needle will be placed in the arm or hand, before being transferred through to a dedicated Endoscopy Unit. The procedure doesn’t require a general anesthetic, even though some patients may be given a sedative.
A mouth guide will be positioned in the patient’s mouth, and the endoscope then passes through the mouth into the stomach. Throughout the procedure, suction equipment is used to remove saliva and other secretions in the throat. An antiseptic solution and local anesthetic will be applied to the patient’s stomach. The tube is then placed into the stomach with an exit made through the abdominal wall. A little plastic disk on both the inside and out stops the tube from becoming dislodged, with the whole procedure usually taking between 20-30 minutes. If you’re caring for a patient with a PEG tube you must pay meticulous attention to hand hygiene and other aspects of infection control. Wash your hands carefully and always wear gloves and an apron, when administering the food or carrying out a task which involves touching the tube. The tube and the surrounding area must be cleaned daily with soap and water and thoroughly dried. The tube should also be flushed before and after every enteral tube feeding, to reduce the risk of infections or blockages developing.